What are the symptoms of persons with dementia? We can help our loved one with early intervention if we know what is the telltale signs of dementia.
1. Problems with recent memory
They often forget recently learnt information. They may forget important dates or events, and ask for the same information repeatedly. The memory loss can affect their daily routine.
2. Problems with visual perception
They may have difficulties identifying objects in a familiar environment, and be unable to judge distances and depths correctly. Activities like reading and driving may become challenging.
3. Changes in mood, behaviour and personality
They may have rapid mood swings, withdraw from group activities, become passive and sleep more than usual. They can become a little insensitive towards others.
4. Withdrawal from hobbies and activities
They may lose interest in their usual hobbies, lack motivation at work and avoid social activities.
5. Misplacing things
They may lose things and be unable to retrace their steps to find them again. Sometimes, they may accuse others of stealing. This may occur ore frequently over time.
6. Confused with places and time
They may be confused with day and night, and read the time wrongly. They may not be sure of their location and feel frustrated in unfamiliar and noisy environments, causing them to lose their way.
7. Difficulties in planning and thinking
They may have trouble handling money, paying bills and following instructions, resulting in difficulty in financial transactions. They may also have trouble concentrating and take much longer to do things.
8. Difficulties in communication
They may struggle to express themselves, and experience problems finding the right word or naming objects. They may also have problems understanding what others are saying to them and may stop conversations with no idea on how to continue. They may also repeat themselves.
9. Difficulties completing familiar tasks
They may face difficulties completing familiar tasks that they used to do well, including cooking and driving etc.
10. Poor judgement and impaired social behaviour
They may not know what is appropriate or safe. For instance, they may use crude or coarse language or make insensitive remarks.
Source: Alzheimer’s Disease Association ADA (helpline: 6377 0700)