The words endemic, epidemic and pandemic have been used interchangeable. However, they mean differently in denoting the extent of the spreading of infectious disease. Let’s take a look at their individual definitions and learn to use it precisely.
An endemic refers to the constant presence and/or usual prevalence of a disease or infectious agent in a population within a given geographic area. A good example of an endemic in South America and large parts of Africa is malaria. Malaria–by virtue of being an endemic—will always be found near South American and African populations.
An epidemic occurs when a disease spreads rapidly amongst a large number of people in a particular region or country, making everyone sick at the same time. An epidemic can be caused by a disease that is native to that region, but starts affecting an unusually large percentage of the population, or it can be caused by a disease that is new to a particular region.
A pandemic is an epidemic that spreads across multiple countries across the globe at the same point in time. It spreads across continents and endangers people on a global scale.
Click here to download your copies of Building and Construction Authority (BCA) Universal Design Guide for Public Places 2016. Topics cover:
1. Chapter One: Introduction to User Needs
2. Chapter Two: Arriving at the Building
3. Chapter Three: Access Around and Within the Building
4. Chapter Four: Sanitary Facilities
5. Chapter Five: Way Finding and Information Systems
6. Chapter Six: Facilities and Elements Within the Building
7. Chapter Seven: Family-friendly Facilities
8. Chapter Eight-One: Public Transport Buildings
9. Chapter Eight-Two: Hawker Centres and Eating Outlets
10. Chapter Eight-Three: Supermarkets and Retail Outlets
11. Chapter Eight-Four: Community Clubs
12. Chapter Eight-Five: Precinct Facilities in Public Housing
13. Chapter Eight-Six: Parks and Open Spaces
14. Top 10 Design Points: Top 10 Senior-friendly Features
15. Top 10 Design Points: Top 10 Family-friendly Features
Click here to download your copy. The 3rd Enabling Masterplan focuses on 4 key thrusts to guide initiatives for the period 2017 to 2021. We are working towards the objective of creating a caring nation and inclusive society.
Click here to download your copy of Building and Construction Authority (BCA) Code on Accessibility in the Built Environment 2019.