Glare Reduction for a User-friendly Environment

 
Appropriate use of colours can uplift the look and feel of a place. And careful selection of colours in a built environment can have a glare-reduction effect and improve the ability of users especially those who are visually impaired to move around the building.

The picture above shows a poorly contrasted wall-floor colour. The floor also creates glare which is hard for people to see clearly. With glare reduction measures and right choice of colours listed below, we can enhance the accessibility of a premises.
1. Use glare-reducing treatments on exterior facing windows and all glass walls.
2. Remove, reduce or relocate materials or light sources that cause glare.
3. Use non-glare flooring materials throughout the building.
4. Use non-glare materials over wall hanging pictures and signage.
5. Filter natural daylight penetrating interior spaces to reduce direct glare.
6. Use contrasting colours between the wall-floor and floor-furniture.
7. Colours that contain a greater amount of white will reflect more light.
8. Use matter finishes in pale colours on horizontal surfaces to reduce indirect glare and enhance brightness by adding sheen.

Source: SingHealth

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Small Motifs and Patterns to Avoid for an Age-friendly Environment

 
Elderly has difficulty perceiving some colours and thus we avoid using them in our design. We put same amount of consideration when using motifs and patterns. We do not encourage our clients to use small motifs and patterns so we can create an age-friendly environment. Motifs and patterns to avoid are:
1. Bold patterns that cause confusing for elderly and have a dizzying effect.
2. Small motifs and patterns on flooring, which can be mistaken by elderly with reduced vision as items dropped on the floor.

Meanwhile, we advise our clients to paint the staircase on their premises to improve the visibility of every step in order to create a safe workplace for their older employees and customers.

Source: SingHealth

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Colours that Confuse Elderly

 
Certain colours are easily perceived by the elderly and some do the exact opposite.

Colours and patterns that cause confusion to the elderly should be avoided to create an age-friendly environment. They are:
1. Colours such as light salmon, pink and blue that appear similar. The reason is that of the yellowing of an elderly’s eye lens.
2. Lavender that appears muddy.
3. Purple that may appear as brown.
4. Purple and violet used in large area. These 2 colours can cast a yellow-green pallor on afterimage.
5. Yellow. It can decrease motor ability and increase shaking for people with palsy.
6. Bold patterns and small motifs.

Source: SingHealth

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Colours Easily Perceived by the Elderly

 
Colours which are easily perceived by the elderly:
1. Yellow
2. Beige
3. Peach
4. Coral
5. Clay
6. Orange
7. Aqua
8. Pink
9. Green
10. Brown

While ensuring our environment utilizes colours that can be easily perceived by elderly as listed above, we shall also avoid using certain colours, patterns and motifs that can cause confusion.

Older People and Colours

“Becoming old can bring about a sense of loneliness and fear so decorating with the elderly in mind needs to address warmth, security and harmony.”

“Softer shades of reds and oranges are warming and can help with circulation and energy levels. Peaches, apricots, warm tans, terracottas and pinks can also be used for this purpose. Soft blues, lavender mauves and violets are colours that connect to the spiritual or reflective mood. Studies carried out in nursing/rest homes indicate that soft pinky-beiges contrasted with soft blue/greens are emotionally supporting, physically nourishing and mentally soothing and peaceful.”

Information collated by Carolyn Atkinson, Resene Colour Consultant, 2004.

Source: SingHealth

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10 Common Symptoms of Persons with Dementia

 
What are the symptoms of persons with dementia? We can help our loved one with early intervention if we know what is the telltale signs of dementia.

1. Problems with recent memory

They often forget recently learnt information. They may forget important dates or events, and ask for the same information repeatedly. The memory loss can affect their daily routine.

2. Problems with visual perception

They may have difficulties identifying objects in a familiar environment, and be unable to judge distances and depths correctly. Activities like reading and driving may become challenging.

3. Changes in mood, behaviour and personality

They may have rapid mood swings, withdraw from group activities, become passive and sleep more than usual. They can become a little insensitive towards others.

4. Withdrawal from hobbies and activities

They may lose interest in their usual hobbies, lack motivation at work and avoid social activities.

5. Misplacing things

They may lose things and be unable to retrace their steps to find them again. Sometimes, they may accuse others of stealing. This may occur ore frequently over time.

6. Confused with places and time

They may be confused with day and night, and read the time wrongly. They may not be sure of their location and feel frustrated in unfamiliar and noisy environments, causing them to lose their way.

7. Difficulties in planning and thinking

They may have trouble handling money, paying bills and following instructions, resulting in difficulty in financial transactions. They may also have trouble concentrating and take much longer to do things.

8. Difficulties in communication

They may struggle to express themselves, and experience problems finding the right word or naming objects. They may also have problems understanding what others are saying to them and may stop conversations with no idea on how to continue. They may also repeat themselves.

9. Difficulties completing familiar tasks

They may face difficulties completing familiar tasks that they used to do well, including cooking and driving etc.

10. Poor judgement and impaired social behaviour

They may not know what is appropriate or safe. For instance, they may use crude or coarse language or make insensitive remarks.

Source: Alzheimer’s Disease Association ADA (helpline: 6377 0700)

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